Role of police
What is the role for the police in preventing and reducing crime? Authoritative commissions - such as the British Inspectorate of Policing (HMIC 1998 and 2000) and the National Research Council in the United States (2004b) - agree that there is little evidence to show that increasing the number of police officers to conduct standard policing activities will reduce crime. Police can however help reduce crime by adopting a problem-solving approach and partnering with agencies able to address the multiple risk factors for crime. The Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy is one example of how police can help reduce the fear of crime and various crime problems in their communities by adopting a more strategic approach focussed on problem-solving.