What has worked
Targeting risk factors
Rigorous evaluations and systematic reviews have identified “what works” to reduce crime, to conclude that crime can be reduced by tackling risk factors. This section provides illustrative examples on how it is possible to significantly reduce crime by targeting risk factors for:
- Property crimes
Over the past few years, different stakeholders, citizens and researchers have teamed up to analyze and solve problems related to crime issues that concern them, and have managed to make significant inroads in these areas. These alliances are the kind that we call problem-solving partnerships. This section contains examples that illustrate how crime can be reduced by mobilizing the players to enable them to work together on the problems that involve:
- neighbourhoods with high crime rates; and
- property offences.
How do we know what has worked?
Over the past five years, several important commissions have endorsed prevention as an effective, lasting and beneficial means of reducing crime and victimization. These commissions' conclusions are based on systematic studies carried out throughout the 1990s that demonstrated what works and what does not when it comes to reducing crime. This section contains these studies' findings.
Role of police
What role does the police play in preventing and reducing crime? Does the answer to reducing crime lie in increasing the number of police officers? What can the police do to reduce crime? These questions are all addressed in this section.